London: Henry S. King, 1878-96. First Edition. Disbound. Very Good Condition. Item #304856
The demand for prison reform was formalised by the Prison Act 1877, when Edmund Du Cane became chairman of the three prison commissioners, under the new act to reorganise and administer the county and borough prisons. On 1 April 1878 these prisons came under government control. Their number was soon reduced by one-half, the rules made uniform, the progressive system of discipline adopted, the staff co-ordinated into a single service with a regular system of promotion, structural and other improvements introduced, and the cost of maintenance largely reduced. Employment of prisoners was developed and the discharged prisoner was helped to earn a living. Du Cane also inaugurated a registration of criminals. In 1877 he produced the first "Black Book" list, printed by convict labour, of over 12,000 habitual criminals with their aliases and descriptions. A register followed of criminals having distinctive marks on their bodies. Du Cane's suggestion to Sir Francis Galton that types of feature in different kinds of criminality were worth a scientific study prompted Galton to attempt composite portraiture. Du Cane also encouraged the use of Galton's finger-print system in the identification of criminals. Published in The Nineteenth Century journal, a publication started in 1877 by James Knowles. Many of the early contributors to The Nineteenth Century were members of the Metaphysical Society. The journal was intended to publish debate by leading intellectuals. Its interests were in science, morality, public affairs and standards, philosophy, religion, etc. In 1901, the title was changed to The Nineteenth Century and After. Note; these are original articles separated from larger volumes, not reprints or copies. 90 pages. Quantity Available: 1. Category: Nineteenth Century Magazine; Collections; New Arrivals; Inventory No: 304856. This item is potentially heavy when packed and may require more postage than the rates shown. If extra postage is required we will contact you before processing your order and you will be given the details and option to decline the extra cost.
Keywords: BZDB395 Nineteenth Century Magazine; Collections; New Arrivals; The aftermath of the Prison Act of 1877 Prisons and Punishment proposals for reform A series of seven articles published between 1878 and 1896 including two items by Edmund Du Cane 1 Alf