Essays, Political, Economical, and Philosophical. Thompson, Count of Rumford Benjamin.
Essays, Political, Economical, and Philosophical.
Essays, Political, Economical, and Philosophical.
Essays, Political, Economical, and Philosophical.
Essays, Political, Economical, and Philosophical.
Essays, Political, Economical, and Philosophical.
Essays, Political, Economical, and Philosophical.
Essays, Political, Economical, and Philosophical.

Essays, Political, Economical, and Philosophical.

London: T. Cadell Jun. & W. Davies, Strand. 1800-1802. Hardcover (Full Leather). Very Good Condition. Item #257857

A three volume set; v1 published 1800, 5th edition; v2 published 1800, New edition, v3 published 1802, New edition. 464pp;; 496pp; 498pp. 19 plates, 95 illustrations. Original boards with rebound spines, corners of boards rounded (heavily scuffed) rubbing to boards, Fold out plate to Volume 2 is split in two. Pages clean.
The essays include material covering;

An account of an Establishment for the Poor at Munich; On the Fundamental Principles on which General Establishments for the Relief of the Poor may be formed in all Countries; Of Food and Particularly of Feeding the Poor; Of Chimney Fire-places with proposals for improving them to save Fuel; to render dwelling-houses more Comfortable and Salubrious, and effectually to prevent Chimnies from Smoking; and A Short Account of several public institutions lately formed in Bavaria.

Preparations made for giving Employment to the Poor, The different kinds of Employment given to the beggars upon their being assembled in the house of Industry, Deplorable State of those who are reduced to Poverty, Probability that Water acts a much more important part in Nutrition than has been generally imagined, The importance of culinary processes for preparing food

Receipts for preparing various kinds of cheap food, Of Macaroni, of Potatoes, approved Receipts for boiling Potatoes, Of Potato Puddings, Of Potato Dumplings, Boiled Potatoes with a sauce, Potato Salad, Of Barley, is much more nutritious than Wheat, Barley Meal, a good substitute for Pearl Barley.

Fire and Heat, Combustion of Fuel, Warmth of Double windows, Boilers and Fireplaces, Account New Experiments remarks and observations respecting Chemical Affinity, and solution and the Mechanical Solution to Animal Life, Management of Fire and Economy of Fuel, 

On the kitchen and all heating implements relating to equipping the room for usage. Rumford, the noted physicist and inventor, describes kitchen fire-places, the roaster, dripping-pan, heating an iron oven, construction of boilers, steam cooking, warming rooms, saucepan heaters, portable furnaces, tea-kettles , kitchen utensils for the poor, "account of a concealed kitchen," chimneys, warm bathing, management of fires, use of steam as a vehicle for transporting heat, etc.


The range of Count Rumford's (1753-1814) contributions to science and society is immense. An American-born British physicist and inventor whose challenges to established physical theory were part of the 19th century revolution in thermodynamics. He served as lieutenant-colonel of the King's American Dragoons, part of the British Loyalist forces, during the American Revolutionary War. After the end of the war he moved to London, where his administrative talents were recognized when he was appointed a full colonel, and in 1784 he received a knighthood from King George III. A prolific designer, Thompson also drew designs for warships.

While travelling, he met Prince Maximillan and became his military advisor in Bavaria. In this position he developed radical solutions for efficiency, at the same time introducing measures to suppress begging and fight malnutrition among the poor whom he succeeded in training as civilian support for the military. The tiitle Count Rumford comes from these years of service. In England his experiments with fuel and heat would occupy him for the rest of his life, leading to notable advances in chimney design, central heating, kitchen range efficiency, and even the drip style coffee maker. 

Rumford's most important scientific work took place in Munich, and centred on the nature of heat, which he contended in "An Experimental Enquiry Concerning the Source of the Heat which is Excited by Friction" (1798) was not the caloric of then-current scientific thinking but a form of motion. Though this work met with a hostile reception, it was subsequently important in establishing the laws of conservation of energy later in the 19th century.

Thompson was an active and prolific inventor, developing improvements for chimneys, fireplaces and industrial furnaces, as well as inventing the double boiler, a kitchen range, and a drip coffeepot. He invented a percolating coffee pot following his pioneering work with the Bavarian Army, where he improved the diet of the soldiers as well as their clothes.

Thompson became a celebrity when news of his success spread. His work was also very profitable, and much imitated when he published his analysis of the way chimneys worked. In many ways, he was similar to Benjamin Franklin, who also invented a new kind of heating stove.

Size: Octavo (standard book size). Quantity Available: 1. Category: Antiquarian & Rare; Featured; New Arrivals; Engineering, Industrial, Trade. Inventory No: 257857.

Price: £295.00